Breast-Feeding During Infancy May Lower Blood Pressures in Childhood

According to a written report in the March 02, 2004 Reuters Health, people who were breast-fed throughout infancy appear to have a low chance of death from heart disease, and now fresh studies suggest this may be because of of blood pressure-lowering effects. The findings derive from a study of 4,763 non-twin, full-term infants who had their blood pressures determined at 7.5 years of age.

Dr. Richard M. Martin, from the University of Bristol in the UK, discovered that breast-fed children had systolic blood pressure (the top number of the blood pressure reading) lower than those of children who were not breast-fed. The study indicated that there was very little distinction between infants who have been only breast-fed and those that received a combination of breast milk and formula. The study did show that the duration of breast-feeding had an increasingly positive effect, creating a notable decrease in blood pressure for each additional 3 months of breastfeeding.

Dr. Martin mentioned the significance of even a slight reduction in blood pressure by commenting, "A one-percent reduction in population systolic blood pressure levels is associated with about a 1.5-percent reduction in all-cause mortality, equivalent to a lessening in premature death of about 8000 to 2000 deaths per year in the United States and the United Kingdom, respectively"

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